• silver key early 19th c.

Key of the Clementiner Fraternity in Emden, Silver

Object Number: #403

Emden c. 1820

Wilkens & van Hoern

Maker’s mark: Wilkens & van Hooern

City’s hallmark: Emden for 1820 (s. Rosenberg no. 1933)

Solder number:“13″ in square for 13-lots silver (obligatory since 1820)

Length: 12,5 cm (4,9 in.); weight: 103 g (3,6 oz)

Detailed Information

Key of the Clementiner Fraternity in Emden, Silver

The present key has a typical shape for Emden and the Clementiner Brotherhood. The head is oval and carries a round field in the middle. On one side it is embossed with a ship onto the sea and the initials “S” and “A” to the right and left of the ship. The date “1837” and two coats of arms are engraved inside a hemisphere at its back. The shaft is solid and hexagonal. Names of the Clementine Brotherhood are engraved on it. A baluster-like thickening (die) is placed between the shaft and the head. The vertical ridge is soldered to the shaft and is pierced. The marks are hallmarked on it.

The Clementine Fraternity (Brotherhood) 

In 1481, a foundation for poor skippers and merchants was established in Emden. On the Day of the Three Magi (January 6th) in 1495, it completed the establishment of the statutes (printed in Low German). Soon it was named “the Clementine Fraternity ” after its patrons instead of “the Foundation of the Mariners’ Poor”. In the vernacular it was called “Botter-Schötel” because butter, but also bread, groats and peat were distributed.

A fraternity or brotherhood is an organized community of men who call each other “brothers” and pursue common interests. Central tasks are to undertake pious and charitable deeds.

The Clementine Fraternity supported the widows and orphans of the sailors. The support fund was raised by the members.

The names on the key

A number of names are engraved on this key. Most likely, the key was given to a member of the fraternity on a specific occasion.

The following names are engraved on it:

  1. W. Westerman Iongerman
  2. W. I. Abegg. Olderman
  3. E. Van Geest. Olderman > possibly Eilerd I Oldermann (1808-1838) oder Eilerd II Oldermann (1814-1842), both from Leer/East Frisia
  4. I. Schuur. AFGaande Schaffer
  5. B. Munniks Hz. Schaffer
  6. B. De Pottere Schaffer


Deiter, Heinrich. “Statuten Der Clementiner Brüderschaft Zu Emden Aus Dem Jahre 1698.” Zeitschrift Für Deutsche Mundarten, vol. 6, 1911, pp. 168–171. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40497445 (last visited on 7th Februar 2019).