• Silesian Wine Goblet, Silver, parcel gilt, Wroclaw c. 1712 Gottfried Koerner

Silesian Wine Goblet Roemer, Silver, Partly Gilt

Object number #

Wroclaw c. 1712

Gottfried Koerner

City’s hallmark: Johannes head for Breslau (Hintze, T. II, 9/type II)

Maker’s mark: “GK” in an oval for Gottfried Koerner (Hintze, T. IV, no. 108)

Date letter: “B” for 1712-21 (Hintze T. II, 30/type I)

Dimensions: height: 9,5 cm (3,7 in.); weight: 132 gr.

Detailed Information

Silesian Silver Wine Goblet, Partly Gilt

This Silesian (Wroclaw) wine goblet is a so-called “Roemer” and is very well proportioned. The cylindrical shaft is raised on a round and profiled foot. The shaft is gilt and adorned with prunts in the form of shells, pawned in two rows. The six-lobed bowl is standing above the shaft and is spreading towards the upper part like a flower. The walls of the bowl are decorated in six fields with snake-skin pattern. The straight parts around the snake-skin are gilt. The goblet is also gilt in the inside. The marks are underneath the bottom.

Wine Goblets “Roemer” in Silver

“Roemer” are goblets or beakers, which copy a certain form of glass. Roemer made of glass are documented in writings since the mid-15thcentury. At the beginning of the 17thcentury, the Roemer takes a form, which is considered as typical to it:  trailed thread round and conical foot, cylindrical middle-part with applied prunts, big round bowl. It seems that Roemer were mainly in use in Middle and North Europe. Roemer was a form of glass, which was very often used during the 17thcentury. Great numbers relative to the production of Roemer are known for the beginning of the 17thcentury. The great variety of Roemer made of silver indicates furthermore the popularity of this wine beaker.

There are quite a few known forms of Roemer. This present silver wine goblet with the six-lobed bowl and the decorative pattern of shells is a popular type coming up in the South German geographical area, and especially in Augsburg and Nuremberg. This present Roemer from Wroclaw, from the beginning of the eighteenth century presents a relatively late Silesian example.

Maker

Gottfried Körner was son of the tax clerk Christian Körner. In 1685 he became master maker and citizen of Wroclaw. In the same year, he got married to Rosina Buhl. Körner died on 15th March 1722. Other known works of him, as mentioned in the reference book of Hintze, are a chalice and a helmet-form pot. For a very artfully worked tankard with a lid made by Gottfried Körner, s. in Pechstein and Effmert, Schlesische Goldschmiedearbeiten im Germanischen Nationalmuseum,exh. cat. 1990, Nuremberg: GNM, cat. no. 41 (also shown in the picture).

Literature

Chambon, R., L’histoire de la verrerie en Belgique du IIesiècle à nos jours, Bruxelles: Ed. de la Librairie Encyclopédique, 1955.

Theuerkauff-Liederwald, A.-El., ‚Der Römer: Studien zu einer Glasform, I – II’, In: Journal of Glass Studies, Bd. X, 1968, S. 114-155 & Bd. XI, 1969, S. 43-69.

Hintze, E., Die Breslauer Goldschmiede: eine archivalische Studie, Breslau/Leipzig: Kommissionsverlag von Karl Hiersemann, 1906.