Silver Gilt Wine Goblet – Roemer
The present two beaker are drinking vessels for wine, due to their special shape they belong to the so called „Roemer“.
The cylindrical shaft is raised on a platform with gadroons. The shaft is decorated with adorned dots in the form of shells, pawned in two rows. The field with the shells is moreover softly punched like a snake skin cup. From the shaft, connected with a small bead, rises the seven-lobed, slightly conical cuppa. The outside of the cuppa is smooth and has a punctured ring and palmettes on the lips edge.
The cups were originally partially gilt on the outside with some parts left white, and gilt on the inside. The inside gilding of one cup is very well preserved, the gilding on the outside is quite good. The inside gilding of the second cup is quite well preserved; on the outside, only remnants of the partial gilding are visible
History of the “Roemer”
The shape of the Roemer is derived from a medieval glass form. They are mentioned in the literature since the mid-fifteenth century. In the seventeenth century, the Roemer was given its typical shape: a trailed thread round and conical foot, a cylindrical prunted middle section (shaft), and a large rounded bowl. The drinking vessel was mainly used in Central and Northern Europe. In Dutch still life from the seventeenth century, Roemer made of glass are often seen. It is also known that in the seventeenth century large quantities of Roemer were made of glass, especially in Holland, Bohemia and England. They were made of metal only at the end of the seventeenth century and in the eighteenth century.
Helga Matzke currently presents two more Roemer from Augsburg and Nuremberg.
In addition to Augsburg, the city of Nuremberg is one of the most important cities in Germany for gold- and silversmith’s works from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. The specialty of the Nuremberg silver and goldsmiths were the so-called Buckelpokale (humpback-cups). Everyone had to make an Akeleipokal for master exam, which required a lot of technical skills, especially with the embossing.
The present Roemer is a wonderfully embossed drinking vessel that also presents that skill of the silversmith.
Thomas Stoer II. was the son of a silverworker, who originally came from Bohemia to Nuremberg, and was baptized on 8th of June 1601. He passed his master’s exam on March 25, 1629, but probably swore his oath nine years later. Since his first wedding in 1638 he did fulfill all the requirements for the acquisition of the master’s rights. Between 1651 and 1655 he was a juror. In 1661 he married a second time. The oeuvre of Thomas Stoer II is characterized by traditional drinking vessels, such as Roemer/ humpback-cups with contemporary decor. Vessels in vegetal forms, such as tulip were part of his work and other naturalistic creations of the seventeenth century, such as a pomegranate drinking vessel, were part of the stylistic directions in the silversmiths of Nuremberg. In the Landesmuseum Württemberg, Stuttgart, and the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, among others, works by Thomas Stoer II have also been preserved.
Karl Hernmarck: Die Kunst der europäischen Gold- und Silberschmiede von 1450-1830, München 1978.
Karin Tebbe: Nürnberger Goldschmiedekunst 1541 – 1868, Nürnberg 2007.