Object Number: #366
Paris, c. 1793
City’s hallmark: interim guarantee mark for silver of every fineness, Paris (actually used only between 1793 and 1794, but later still in use) (Rosenberg 1928 (4), p. 262, No. 6558)
Maker’s mark: ,,JD” for Joseph Deviegos (Arminjon u.a. 1991, p.188, No. 01712)
Tax mark for Vienna 1810-1824, (Rosenberg 1928 (4), p.435, No. 7887)
Height: 11 cm (4,33 in.); Dia.: 10,5 cm (4,13 in.); Weight: ca. 286 gr.
The present cup, designed according to antique models, is a nice example of the French Empire. The cuppa is raised on a round foot decorated with vertical grooves. Half of the outside of the cup is garnished with vertical gadroons, directly above, there are three scenes with putti applied as a relief. The handle is shaped in the form of two entangled snakes. The cup is inside and outside gilt.
Empire is the French style of classicism, during the First French Empire [Napoleonic era] (1804-1815). The art form originated at the beginning of the nineteenth century and spread throughout Europe. Greek-Roman as well as Egyptian motifs were very popular under this style. Symmetrical forms were a main decorative choice. The ornaments were usually applied on the objects and not embossed or engraved.
Maker: Joseph Deviegos became master around 1783 in Paris. One still finds from time to time objects made by Deviegos in the art market. See for instance a pair of ecuelles, Christie’s auction Interiors, Paris (April 28th 2016), Lot 604.
Marc Rosenberg: Der Goldschmiede Merkzeichen (Band 4): Ausland und Byzanz, Frankfurt am Main 1928 (http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/rosenberg1928bd4, last call on 05/03/2017).
Catherine Arminjon u.a.: Inventaire Général des Monuments et des Richesses Artistiques de la France . 1798-1838. 2. Bde (= Cahiers de l’Inventaire, 25), Paris 1991.